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Things to do in Rafah

Nature has presented herself in her different beauty in different places. Each of beauties of the nature is sure to make to mind your blow. From the frozen mountains to the endless blue seas, everything has different beauty in itself and if you want to witness the engrossing beauty of the golden sand, you must visit Rafah.  It is a Palestinian city that is situated in the southern Gaza strip. This city is located at 30 km away from Gaza towards the South. The city which has the population of 71,003 people, has become a famous tourist destination at the present time.

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Visit the beauty of desert in a new way

As the result of the industrialization, people’s lifestyles are going through a sea change at the present time. Everyone is busy with their hectic and busy schedule and if you want to spend some days far away from the chaotic city life, Rafah is your must visit. Once you visit this city, you will get to explore the beauty of desert in a new way. The city which is situated in the midst of the desert will surely engross you with its unique beauty. Let yourself be absorbed in the murmur of the wide sand or set your destination to the unknown through enjoying the camel safari with your friends and family, Rafah will surely be the perfect retreat for you.

Get to explore the ancient history of the world

History carries the evidence of every single happening of the world. History is the mirror which provides everyone the chance to get closer to the ancient culture and tradition of the worlds. It depicts the story of the past. That’s why the history has always a mysticism in itself and Rafah is the city which is still carrying the evidence of history in its chest. This city is full of historical significance. Hence, you come into Rafah, don’t forget to visit then historical buildings and museums that are sketching the history of thousand years ago.

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Enjoy a shopping in this historical city

When your concern is to enjoy your best in this historical city, you just can’t miss to shop here. As said earlier that this city is enriched with historical value, and most importantly it is still carrying those ancient tradition of it which are clearly visible in the jewelries and dresses that are available here. Besides having a touch of elegancy, these dresses and jewelries of the city have a unique appearance. Hence, if you want to include some unique pieces of dresses and jewelries in your closet, you must go for the shopping after coming into city.

Along with all these, this city has more to offer you, for example you can enjoy the taste of the delicious Egyptian foods in the number of restaurants and hotels that are present in the city. So what are you waiting for! Book your hotel now and spend some days in Rafah to add some unforgettable memories in your life.

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Historical archaeological findings of Rafah

The History of Rafah and Egypt goes back to some 3000 years. Since time immemorial Egypt had to keep itself protected for which it had to engage in military fights. To stay protected from all kinds of foreign invasion and attacks they employed various defensive strategies and positions.

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Horus Military Route

The Horus military route is a famous historical and archaeological finding in Rafah which was created as a defence strategy. The Horus military route covers an approximate area of 217 miles by the sea. The Horus military route starts from Tharu and spans across to the border city of Egypt in Rafah. In the historical city of Rafah archaeologists have been able to discover a fort which had not been dug out. The chief of Egypt’s Supreme council of antiquities ZahiHawass made the formal announcement about this discovery. The Horus military route from Tharu to Rafah houses around eleven fortresses. We are informed about all this from the Temple of Karnak in Luxor. The particular fort about which we are discussing here is the fifth fortress that has been discovered. Another reason for which the fort is historically and archeologically important is the fact that they found a royal monument of king Thutmose 11. It was between the years 1516 to 1505 BC that king Thutmose 11 ruled over the whole of Egypt.

New Kingdom Temple

Another very important historical and archaeological discovery in Rafah is the New Kingdom temple. It was in the city of Sinai that this famous New Kingdom Temple was discovered. It is supposed to have been constructed sometime between 1569 to 1325 BC. The New Kingdom temple helps us to get a glimpse about the military strategy that the Egyptians of that time had adopted. It shows how the Egyptians organised a military set up throughout the country in order to protect themselves from foreign invasion and attacks. The Easter sea border was kept protected with the aid of these fortresses. The fortress helped the people who lived in the mainland by informing them about any invading army or threat. The fortresses had sufficient quantity of water and supply material. The route of the forts was used for both military as well as commercial purposes.

Mud brick was used to build the fort and it was 550 yards by 275 yards. There are several towers standing thirteen feet in height. The location of the fort is 500 kilometres from the famous Mediterranean Sea. The fort was Egypts headquarters for the military.

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These two the Horus Military route and the New Kingdom Temple are the two most important historical and archaeological findings in Rafah which is a border city of Egypt. These two historical and archaeological findings give us an insight into the military strategies that the Egyptians in those ancient times had adopted to keep themselves protected against any foreign invasion or threat. These two findings help us to understand the rich history of the Egyptians of those ancient times.

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A Brief History of Rafah

Rafah is an ancient city that plays a key if often understated role in Middle Eastern Politics.

Dating back to the time of the Pharaohs, Rafah was for most of its history a part of the Egyptian empire, located at or near its northern expanse. While not a particularly important city until recently, it did offer Egypt a strategic stronghold in the ancient battles with Anatolia and Levant.

With the reestablishment of the Jewish state of Israel in 1948, the city gained significant importance due to its location on the southern border of the Gaza Strip, a long, narrow territory claimed by the Palestinians as a sovereign state but controlled by many other powers at various times, including Britain and Israel.

The Gaza strip is bound on the West by the Mediterranean Sea, on the North and East by Israel, and its 11 km Southern border establishes the line between Gaza and Egypt.

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The city of Rafah, located at the literal corner where borders of Gaza, Egypt and Israel intersect, took on a greater political role as the only legitimate crossing point between Egypt and Gaza. It has also become home to a massive and long lasting Palestinian refugee camp hosting individuals and families disenfranchised by the conflicts between Israel and the neighboring states.

In 1982, the city was itself divided into two parts, the North belonging to the Gaza territory, and the Southern segment to Egypt. In order to insure security between the contested areas, Egypt and Israel raised the central segment of the city to form a buffer zone. Access between the two halves is strictly controlled by walls and fences, which has resulted in the disruption of commerce, trade and family life, not unlike what occurred in Berlin after World War II.

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The Gaza Crossing

The crossing point located within the city of Rafah has existed for decades, and control over access in and out of the Gaza strip has changed hands several times in that period. In 2005, Israel dismantled its control enters and turned over administration to the European Union Border Assistance Mission. Actual control was maintained on the Southern Side by Egypt.

Israel’s concern over the area stems from the possibility of hostile Palestinian organizations secretly amassing an army on its Western border which could be easily supplied by its access of several kilometers of shoreline on the Mediterranean Sea. This made control of individuals entering and leaving the area strategically critical.

 

Closings:

At various times and for various reasons, the crossing at Rafah has been closed, causing hardships for families and individuals trying to get in or out of Gaza. Much of the food, clothing and supplies used by people in Gaza are purchased across the border in Egypt. Border closings would result in critical shortages, particularly for the people of Southern Gaza.

Refugee Camp:

The Refugee camp which makes up part of the city of Rafah was established in 1949 with a population of between 50 and 100 thousand inhabitants, depending on the source and current political situation. In recent years, the actual population has been dwindling as many current residents have migrated to the nearby Tel al-Sultan camp, considered by some to be an extension of the Rafah facility.

Regardless of how the population is figured, the Rafah camp is generally considered to be the 2nd largest in Palestine.

In order to maintain proper security and to increase the integrity of the border zone, plans were initiated in 2015 by Egypt to eliminate the city of Rafah altogether. This has proven to be a controversialproposal, considered by many in Palestinian leadership to favor Israel, creating further tension between Egypt the rest of the Arab world.

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Rafah – A difficult history

Rafah has a long rich history dating back to the 1300’s.  In the 3000 years since there has been periods of intense fighting and destruction to the city at many different times throughout history.  There have also been times when the city was empty.  There is an inscription from the Egyptian pharaoh Seti I from 1303 BCE which shows the long history of this city.

The location of Rafah has made it an important point of trade and movement.  There have been many battles there.  The Egyptian ruler Ptolemy defeated the Syrian emperor Antiochus III in 217 BCE in Rafah.  The city was also more recently part of a battle in World War 1 from 1914-1918.  It was part of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War.  The allies led by Lieutenant General Philip Chetwode captured Rafa on January 9, 1917.  There was also an engagement between the Egyptian Army and the Israel Defense Forces at the end of the Arab-Israeli war in Rafah in 1949. This was part of the battle for gaza but because of Rafah’s proximity it was involved.

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Today there are still many incursions going on in Rafah.  Rafah is the Border crossing point between Gaza and Egypt.  It is on the border of Egypt and has been opened and closed many times throughout the years.  It is the main point for people entering and leaving Gaza.  The crossing was originally opened by Israel in 1982 when there was a peace agreement with Egypt agreeing it would be operated by the Israel Airport Authority.  The crossing was open until the Second Intifada in 2000.  After this point there were some restrictions  and the hours were reduced that it was hoped.  The number of people traveling between the crossing fell by half.   Since then the crossing has not been opened very often.  There are many people who desire to cross but due to security concerns Egypt does not open the crossing very often.  During 2014 there was an average of about 8000 people exiting and entering the crossing.  There was an operation called protective edge where only certain types of passengers were allowed to exit Gaza.  These were people who had urgent medical issues and/or were injured.  After October 2014 it was closed all together for a period of time.  In 2015 the crossing was open for exit from Gaza to Egypt on 25 days.  The amount of times the crossing is open is steadily decreasing.  In May of 2016 after 85 days of closure the border was open for 2 days.  It was opened again right before Ramadan and for 5 days before the Muslim Holiday of Eid al-Fitr.  There has also been many homes destroyed in Rafah.  After the discovery of tunnels from Gaza to Rafah the Egyptians were concerned about weapons being smuggled through the tunnels.  The tunnels were destroyed.  They destroyed homes in parts of Rafah in an effort to make a buffer zone between Gaza and Egypt.  Egypt has claimed that Hamas in Gaza is helping militants in Sinai with arms and treating casualties.

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Rafah is a difficult place to live with many conflicts brewing.  It is difficult for all the people involved.  There seems to be no real solution on the horizon.  As governments are more concerned about their security and tighten controls it affects the people who are living with the results of this tightening.  Making it harder for them to live their lives and enjoy freedom of movement and feel safe in their homes.  One can only hope that somehow there will be a time when all people will live in peace and feel safe where they live.

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Rafah’s Historical Archeology Finds

Rafah and Egypt have a long history dating back 3000 years ago.  Egypt was frequently having to fight military battles and had created many defensive positions and strategies.  They had created the Horus Military Route which spans 217 miles by the sea.  It covers from Tharu to Egypt’s Border city of Rafah.  In the area of Rafah a fort was discovered which hadn’t been excavated.  The announcement about this discovery came from Zahi Hawass who it the chief of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities. There were supposed to 11 fortresses on the route from Tharu to Rafah on the Horus Military Route.  This is known from the inscriptions on the Temple of Karnak in Luxor.  This fortress is the fifth fortress found. At the fort they found a royal monument for King Thutmose II.  King Thutmose II ruled in Egypt from 1516 to 1504 B.C.

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There was also another discovery in the area of a New Kingdom Temple.  This Temple is the first to be discovered in Sinai and dates back form 1569 BC to 1315 BC. This gives a glimpse into Egyptian Military and strategy historically.  It shows how they set up their military throughout the years to help protect their Territory.  They used these fortresses to help protect their Eastern sea border. They would help protect the mainland by alerting them to any incoming army or thread.  They had water and supply stations for the fortresses and the ways of hours route.  This route was used both by military and commercial traffic it is believed and may have supported a commercial economy in the area it went through.

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The fort was 550 yards by 275 yard and was created of a mud brick. It had several towers standing 13 feet height.  The towers dated back from 1304 B.C. to 1237 B.C.   It is located 500 Kilometers from the Mediterranean sea. They have theorized that his fort was Egypt’s headquarters for the military from the New Kingdom Era (1569 B.C. To 1081 B.C.) Until the Ptolemaic era (330 B.C. To 30 B.C.).   This discovery was part of a project that had begun in 1986 along the Horus Military Route to try to find the fortresses.  There was also discoveries of warehouses along the route that the Ancient Egyptian Army used for supplies such as food and weapons.   They have also found silver coins and others treasures.  Some of the discoveries were found by people digging a tunnel under the hill that divide dies Gaza and Rafah.

 

Egyptian army troops, background, are seen running a military operation to demolish houses on the Egyptian side of the border town of Rafah, as Palestinian Hamas security forces, front, stand guard the Palestinian side of Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip on Thursday, Oct. 30, 2014. With dynamite and bulldozers, Egypt's army demolished homes along its border with the Gaza Strip on Thursday, after the military ordered residents out on Wednesday to make way for a planned buffer zone meant to stop militants and smugglers. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra)
Egyptian army troops, background, are seen running a military operation to demolish houses on the Egyptian side of the border town of Rafah, as Palestinian Hamas security forces, front, stand guard the Palestinian side of Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip on Thursday, Oct. 30, 2014. With dynamite and bulldozers, Egypt’s army demolished homes along its border with the Gaza Strip on Thursday, after the military ordered residents out on Wednesday to make way for a planned buffer zone meant to stop militants and smugglers. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra)

 

 

Many of these archeological treasures are at risk due to the continued wars in the area and years of neglect.    There are many possible new discoveries in the area based on the long history of war and continued populations living in the Rafah area.  There are many layers of history in the Rafah area.  Each Era that inhabited leaves behind their buildings and monuments.  The next Era builds over it.  There is an amazing amount of history in Rafah and the area around it.  Due to the many conflicts in the area because of Gaza and the border crossing it makes it difficult to really search the area properly.  Many discoveries are discovered by accident and there isn’t proper archeological technique or tools to help properly preserve the finds.   This is a difficult situation as it is possible the some valuable archeological treasures will be lost if this situation continues.  One can only hope that a way is found to preserve the items that have been found and to not destroy the treasures yet to be found in the Rafah area.

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The Rafah Border Crossing in Egypt – A history of the openings and closings

The Rafah Border Crossing is a very important crossing point for people in Gaza.  This border was redrawn after the 1979 Israeli and Egyptian peace treaty was signed.   The treaty dictated a 100-meter wide buffer zone between Egypt and Gaza.  It also cut through the town of Rafah creating havoc for families.  It is the only point where individuals can enter and leave Gaza.  The Rafah border is used for people to go in and out of the area.  The border has been closed more than it has been open in recent years. This causes great strife for the people living in the area.  The reasons for the closures vary, but generally it is because of security concerns.  The Egyptian government has indicated that the Hamas Terrorists had provided weapons to individuals in the Sinai peninsula to cause terrorist attacks.  They smuggled these weapons through tunnels created from Gaza to Rafah.  This is one of the reasons that the border has been closed.  When the border crossing is open they usually give priority to people who are sick or in need of medical care and students.

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In September 2005 Israel withdrew from the Gaza area settlements and at that point it was up to the European Union Border Assistance Mission in Rafah to monitor the crossing.  At that point the border was controlled by Egypt on the Egyptian side and the Fatah-controlled Palestinian National Authority on the Gaza side.   In November 2005 the crossing was opened for the first time in its new location under the European union’s supervision.   Israel monitored the crossing through a video feed at the border crossing.

 

From 2005 to 2006 approximately 40,000 people crossed the border.  In June 2006 an Israeli soldier, Gilad Shalit was captured and this caused the border to be closed for three quarters of the year.   In 2006 there was a conflict between the Fatah and Hamas movements.  During Parliamentary elections in 2006 Hamas won power and the Hamas fighters took control of the Gaza Strip.   This led to an almost permanent closing of the Rafah Border crossing with Egypt.  There were infrequent openings.  In 2010 the average of monthly entries and exists across the border grew to 19,000.

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Mubarak’s government opposed the Hamas group controlling the Gaza government as it saw Hamas as a terrorist organization.  In 2011 there was an agreement reached between the Fatah government and the Hamas government.  This agreement was mediated in Egypt.  The border was to re-open on a permanent basis after the agreement.  This didn’t last very long as by mid 2011 the borders were again open only to a limited amount of people.  When the Mubarak government was replaced by Mohamed Morsi’s government the number grew for the crossing.  It averaged about 40,000 people a month crossing the border at Rafah.  In July 2013, after Morsi’s was removed from power the Rafah Border Crossing was again almost completely shut down.  In 2014 there was another mediated truce this time between Israel and Hamas.  The terms included a return of the presidential Guard from Egypt and the European Union supporting the supervision of the border crossing.  This was to open the borders again.  It succeeded for a short time.

More recently the Rafah border crossing has been closed more than open.  It was closed for 85 days straight but was opened in the end of May 2016 for the holy holiday of Ramadan.  It was opened again for 5 days before Eid al-Fitr to allow Palestinians to enter and leave for the holiday.

The crossing is a difficult situation for the people living in the area.  Hopefully one day it will be arranged to have the border permanently open for all people.

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Places to see in Rafah, Egypt and the surrounding area

There are many interesting and historical sites to see in the area of Rafah, Egypt.  The history of the city goes back to the Pharaonic period.  The city of Rafah itself is in a turbulent moment in time right now.  Much of the city has been and is being destroyed to create a larger buffer zone between Gaza and Egypt.  This is to prevent smuggling and other illegal activities that have been smuggled in tunnels from Gaza to Rafah.  Many civilians in the Rafah area are being forced to relocate due to the creation of the buffer zone.  Many are left searching for a new place to live without much if any warning.   Much of the cause of the buffer creation is also because of Jihadist and extremist activity in the area which had increased since mid 2013.  The question is if this kind of extreme measure will help the issue or actually make it worse. It is a shame that it is such a turbulent time for the residents of the area and for all those who would like to see the treasures nearby.  There are many interesting places to see in the Rafah area if things settle down and peace comes to the region.   Gaza city which is just North of the Egyptian Border is considered one of the ancient cities around the world.  Gaza City is located on the Mediterranean and was a regular stop on the Coastal route throughout the ages. I will discuss here some worthwhile places to go to in Rafah and the surrounding areas once there is a time of safe passage for tourists.

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  • Napoleon’s Fort

This Fort was named after Napoleon because he stayed there for three nights during the Siege of Acre in 1799.  The building was originally built as a mansion and it had many fortifications and a large height making it easier to see anyone coming and protect yourself in it.  The second floor was built as a fortress home for the ruling Radwan dynasty at the time.  There were underground tunnels to help defend it.  For these reasons, Napoleon had probably chosen to stay in this building.

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  • The Al-Daraj Quarter

This Area of the old City of Gaza has many beautiful features including a fountain that was renovated by the Ottoman Sultan Abdulhamid in 1893. The fountains over a large underground reservoir where water used to flow through it.  It was made with a bronze Dome.  On all four sides of the fountain are inscriptions containing Qur’anic verses.  It also has one of the biggest most beautiful Mosques in Gaza – Sayyed Hashem Mosque.  It is created in Ottoman and Mamluk style architecture.  It is one of the oldest Mosques in Gaza.  This existing Mosque was built by the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Majid in 1850.  The original Minaret was rebuilt in 1903.

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  • Rafah Beaches

Rafah is a beach town and has beautiful beaches along with archeological sites in the area.

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This area has beautiful beaches.  It recently uncovered an archeological find – a cemetery dating back to the Bronze Age.  Also discovered were tombs, pottery, bronze pots and a mosaic floor.   The city is known for its date palms, which is where its name comes from.  It served as a fortified outpost in the late Bronze Age for the New kIngdom of Egypt.   In the 4th century AD a monastery was built in Deir al-Balah by the Christian Monk Hilarion.

 

As you can see there is a lot of history in the Rafah and Gaza area that will be worth seeing when the time is right.

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Traveling to Rafah, Egypt and the surrounding area – What to expect and what to see.

Rafah is a city and refugee camp on the border of Egypt and Gaza.  There have been a lot of conflicts there over the years and the border to Gaza from Rafah is frequently closed.  Much of the city was destroyed when the city of Rafah was split after the 1979 Egyptian and Israeli peace treaty was signed.  There is a lot of history in this city and area dating back 3000 years.  There have recently been some discoveries of ancient ruins in the area that date back thousands of years.  It is located close to the Mediterranean which is always a beautiful place to be.

There are also many things to see right across the border in Gaza and Gaza city.  If you are able to get to Gaza then you might be interested in checking out some of these places:

  • The Church of St. Porphyrius

This is a Greek Orthdox Church that is still used by the community there.  It is in the old city of Gaza.  This church is from 420 AD and is where St. Porphyrius died and was buried.  It was re-constructed by the Crusaders in the 1150’s and was dedicated to St. Porphyrius at that time.  Saint Porphyrius was the bishop of Gaza in the 5th century.  His tomb is in the northeastern corner of the church.  The church is the oldest active church in Gaza.

  • Great Omari Mosque

This Mosque which is in downtown Gaza was said to occupy the site of the first ancient philistine temple.  It was originally a church built by the crusaders in the 12th century.  It features beautiful minarets.  This building was destroyed and reconstructed many times.  After many distractions the mosque was rebuilt in 1340 and then restored again in the 16th century.  The mosque was again severely damaged during World War I.  It was restored again under a former Gaza Mayor Said Al-Shawa by 1927.  The Omari Mosque is still an active Mosque and is a support to the people who live in Gaza.

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  • Anthedon Harbour

This is an archeological site that is located in the Gaza Strip.  It is the first known seaport in Gaza.  It was used from 800 BC to 1100 AD.  It was a Greek independent city named Anthedon during the Hellenistic period.  The city and port changed names and rulers over the years.  It was conquered by the Jewish leader Alexander Jannaeus in 64 BC.  It was then liberated by Pompey and was later rebuilt.    It was controlled by Cleopatra at one point in its history.   There is a lot of archeological history in this area showing the different buildings and inhabitants over the years.

  • The Pottery Workshop

This is a unique place that has a long history.  The tradition of pottery dates back to the Greeks in the Byzantine period.  During this time there were “Gaza Jars” that were filled with olive oil and wine.  They were transported all over Europe.

 

While there are many great things to see in Rafah and Gaza it is a very dangerous place to travel at this time.  There are many restrictions and checkpoints when going to this area.  The border crossing is not always open and if it is there are restrictions as to who can cross.  Unless you are working with an aid organization and have been approved to go it is likely that you will not be allowed in.  The Northern Sinai area is not a safe area for foreign travelers at this time.  Hopefully one day the conditions will be better for traveling to the area.

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Hotels and Places to Stay in and around Rafah, Egypt

Rafah, Egypt and the area around it is full of history and beautiful buildings and scenery.  It is also a place with a lot of difficulties for the people who live there.  The hope is one day in the near future that people from all over the world will be able to come safely to Rafah and the area and experience what there is to offer.  Unfortunately, there are none in Rafah itself.  This is due in no small part to the buffer zones and the displacement of homes in the area.  There are hotels in Gaza which are nice.  Along with others within 30 kilometers of Rafah.  In an effort to prepare for the time that it will be easier to visit Rafah.  I have listed some places to stay around the area.

  • Al Deira Hotel

This is considered one of the best hotels in town.  This hotel is stylish and modern.  It is also a well-run hotel.  The designer of the Arts & Crafts Village in Gaza also constructed this hotel.  He is architect Rashid Abdel Hamid.  There is a nice view of the sea from the balconies.  There is good wireless internet connection in the rooms.

  • Hotel Marna House

This is a nice smaller style hotel.  It has a homey feel and is located in Gaza City.  The staff at this hotel has a reputations for being very helpful.  There is TV and Balconies available with the nice comfortable rooms.  The cost of the rooms includes breakfast.

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  • Palestine Hotel

This room is located on the city’s seafront road.  It offers clean rooms at a reasonable price.  It has good service and a good location.  It is in an upscale part of town.

  • The Adam

This hotel is also located on the city’s sea front road and has clean rooms and reasonable rates.  They offer good customer service and a nice location.

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  • Al Quds International Hotel

This hotel is located on the seafront road in Gaza City.  The offer decent clean rooms and have decent rates that are affordable.  They have a reputation for good service.

  • Al Mathaf

This is a beautiful hotel in Gaza that is in a very safe area.  It has beautiful modern rooms, large meeting areas and special senior suites.  They offer a multi-use hall that is adorned with a beautiful chandelier.  The hotel is located on a small hill overlooking the Mediterranean sea. The hotel highlights the rich history of the area while blending with the modern style.  They have 34 beautiful guest rooms.  Among these rooms there are 2 presidential suites and 4 Royal suites.  Many of the rooms have balconies.  The staff is very helpful.  They also offer a Restaurant with delicious food.

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  • The Grand Palace Hotel

This hotel is located in the Gaza Strip and is a Luxury style hotel.  It has a beautiful view of the Mediterranean Sea. The hotel opened in 2004.  It is located on the beach and has direct views of the sea.  It is in a nice quiet area but close to the city center.  The staff is very helpful and highly trained.  They have 2 high level generators to accommodate guests during the electricity cut offs which happen often.  Internet access is offered throughout the hotel. They offer conference rooms for meetings and have a restaurant on site.  They also have a restaurant cafe on the roof which has beautiful views of the Mediterranean Sea.

 

Many of these hotels are reported to be in the safer parts of Gaza.  Hopefully one day soon it will be safer in the whole region so more people can enjoy the beautiful area.