The History of Rafah and Egypt goes back to some 3000 years. Since time immemorial Egypt had to keep itself protected for which it had to engage in military fights. To stay protected from all kinds of foreign invasion and attacks they employed various defensive strategies and positions.
Horus Military Route
The Horus military route is a famous historical and archaeological finding in Rafah which was created as a defence strategy. The Horus military route covers an approximate area of 217 miles by the sea. The Horus military route starts from Tharu and spans across to the border city of Egypt in Rafah. In the historical city of Rafah archaeologists have been able to discover a fort which had not been dug out. The chief of Egypt’s Supreme council of antiquities ZahiHawass made the formal announcement about this discovery. The Horus military route from Tharu to Rafah houses around eleven fortresses. We are informed about all this from the Temple of Karnak in Luxor. The particular fort about which we are discussing here is the fifth fortress that has been discovered. Another reason for which the fort is historically and archeologically important is the fact that they found a royal monument of king Thutmose 11. It was between the years 1516 to 1505 BC that king Thutmose 11 ruled over the whole of Egypt.
New Kingdom Temple
Another very important historical and archaeological discovery in Rafah is the New Kingdom temple. It was in the city of Sinai that this famous New Kingdom Temple was discovered. It is supposed to have been constructed sometime between 1569 to 1325 BC. The New Kingdom temple helps us to get a glimpse about the military strategy that the Egyptians of that time had adopted. It shows how the Egyptians organised a military set up throughout the country in order to protect themselves from foreign invasion and attacks. The Easter sea border was kept protected with the aid of these fortresses. The fortress helped the people who lived in the mainland by informing them about any invading army or threat. The fortresses had sufficient quantity of water and supply material. The route of the forts was used for both military as well as commercial purposes.
Mud brick was used to build the fort and it was 550 yards by 275 yards. There are several towers standing thirteen feet in height. The location of the fort is 500 kilometres from the famous Mediterranean Sea. The fort was Egypts headquarters for the military.
These two the Horus Military route and the New Kingdom Temple are the two most important historical and archaeological findings in Rafah which is a border city of Egypt. These two historical and archaeological findings give us an insight into the military strategies that the Egyptians in those ancient times had adopted to keep themselves protected against any foreign invasion or threat. These two findings help us to understand the rich history of the Egyptians of those ancient times.